The world of smart devices is growing every day, in every industry. Here are four things that are going to grow our capabilities for interconnection, intuitive processes, greater efficiencies and predictive systems the most in the coming year.
Edge Computing can be traced back to the 1990s, but 2019 is the year when they’re expected to begin even larger-scale deployment.
Typically, IoT devices transfer the data they collect, sometimes massive amounts, to a data center or Cloud for processing. With Edge Computing (EC), processing starts near the source. Once the initial processing has occurred, only the data that needs further analysis is sent to the Cloud or data center. EC screens the data locally, reducing the volume of data traffic sent to the central repository. With the rise of EC, devices will become more and more powerful with local data processing and AI capabilities. It will reduce data transfer volumes and cloud dependencies and will provide more flexibility and agility for business. Edge computing will significantly affect those industries where immediate action is needed based on complex real-time data analysis (manufacturing, public security) and where cloud connectivity may be restricted (shipping and logistics).
The broader rollout of of 5G networks will have a big effect on high-end IoT applications linked to robotics and automation, virtual and augmented reality and artificial intelligence and machine learning.
As Warren Chaisatien, Ericsson’s global director of IoT customer engagement marketing, said on the company blog, “5G will enhance the capabilities of edge and cognitive computing, which will be particularly vital to certain applications, like self-driving cars, where computing must be performed as close to the device as possible to reduce latency of decision making. The list of industries ready to take their businesses to the next level with 5G finally becoming available is long, including manufacturing, transport/logistics, public safety/emergency, and smart cities.”
IoT devices create additional vulnerabilities for hacks, breaches and other security issues. Alongside the rise of IoT, will come the rise of cybersecurity. 2019 in particular is likely to witness increased security solutions at data endpoints to help keep your information and systems secure. Major hardware manufacturers are already building more secure infrastructures to prevent data loss. More companies will also invest in user education and create stronger policies around passwords, bring your own device (BYOD), VPN use, public WiFi access and mobile security.
Across industries, smart devices and tools for increased automation, data collection and connectivity will become resolutely more ubiquitous. Market analysts predict the number of connected devices in the manufacturing industry will double between 2017 and 2020. Leaps in smart device availability can also be expected across healthcare, transportation, utility and automotive sectors. Players in these arenas who fail to adopt new technology could be left behind.
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